+Английский, вариант 9 (THE TOWER OF LONDON)
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I. Прочтите и переведите текст на русский язык:
THE TOWER OF LONDON
Whoever comes to London is eager to see the Tower of London, the scene of nearly 900 years of England’s history. The Tower has in the past been a fortress, a palace and a prison. It was William the Conqueror who began building the Tower for the purpose of protecting the city, other monarchs made additions in later centuries.
The Tower comprises several towers: the Jewel Tower, the White Tower in which the Kings of England held their Court, and others. Though kings were born, lived and were married there, it happened also that kings and queens were murdered in the Tower. Some terrible deeds of which we read in the history of England took place in this grim old Tower. It was said that whoever held the keys to the Tower held the keys to the kingdom. It is impossible in a few lines even to mention the historical events connected with the Tower of London. One of the Towers is called the Bloody Tower, being believed to be the scene of the murder of Edward V and his brother, the Duke of York. Queen Anne Boleyn, the Princess (afterwards Queen) Elizabeth and many other persons of high rank passed under the arch of the Traitor s Gate on their way to prison or the scaffold. Thomas Moore also passed as prisoner under the arch of the Traitor's Gate.
Thomas Moore lived in the Middle Ages (1478-1535). He was an English scholar and one of the founders of Utopian Socialism. In his well-known book "Utopia" he exposed the social and political inequality of people and proposed to create a new society based on social property, obligatory labour and equality.
Now the Tower is a museum and houses the crown jewels and other treasures. The Yeomen of the Guard, known as "beefeaters" wearing Tudor dress uniform still keep watch.
II. Ответьте ни вопросы:
1. How old is the Tower?
2. What has the Tower been in the past?
3. Who was prisoned there?
4. What is the title of Thomas Moore's book?
5. What is the Tower now?
III. Определите no суффиксу часть речи и переведите слова по русский язык:
know, knowledge, discover, discovery, contribute, contribution, correctly, wonder, wonderful, transmit, transmission, transmitter, observe, observation, illustrate, illustration, illustrator, formulate, formulation, easily, build, building.
IV. Определите функцию, форму Participle I и Participle II и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. My mother is sleeping now, don’t disturb her.
2. Who is that running boy?
3. Having known him from school, they recognized him at once.
4. The device shown at the exhibition got the first prize.
5. She has never seen him since school.
V. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на выделенное слово.
test 1. Is your test difficult? 2. Do you want to test the engine once more?
note 1. Please, note my marks in your work. 2. Here is a note for you.
answer 1. Don’t answer without thinking it over! 2. Your answer is excellent.
VI. Определите залог глагола и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Is it raining now?
2. When will you do this work?
3. We have already done it.
4. That translation is being done.
5. The experiments have been made with different results.
VII. Опишите рисунок а) на стр 21, используя слова и словосочетания из текста (5-6 предложений).